STATE REQUIREMENTS

The following are links to the various state requirements pertaining to obtaining reports for “employment purposes” from a consumer reporting agency, such as VERAFĪ.  Please note that in addition to the state requirements, the federal Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) is also applicable. 

DISCLAIMER:  VERAFĪ is not providing any legal advice or representation that the following requirements are current or comprehensive. This page was last updated on August 4, 2020.

SELECT THE APPLICABLE STATE(S) BELOW:
Arizona

Arizona Consumer Reporting Agencies and Fair Credit Reporting, A.R.S. § 44-1692, et seq: https://codes.findlaw.com/az/title-44-trade-and-commerce/az-rev-st-sect-44-1692.html

44-1693. Access to reports by a consumer: https://codes.findlaw.com/az/title-44-trade-and-commerce/az-rev-st-sect-44-1693.html

California

CA Civil Code (Consumer Credit Reporting Agencies Act), 1785.1, et seq.https://codes.findlaw.com/ca/civil-code/civ-sect-1785-1.html

Consumer Credit Reporting Agency (1785.3): https://codes.findlaw.com/ca/civil-code/civ-sect-1785-3.html

Notice to Only CA Residents (1785.6): https://codes.findlaw.com/ca/civil-code/civ-sect-1785-6.html

Who May Receive Report (1785.11): https://codes.findlaw.com/ca/civil-code/civ-sect-1785-11.html

Inspection/Recipients (1785.10): https://codes.findlaw.com/ca/civil-code/civ-sect-1785-10-1.html

Content (1785.13): https://codes.findlaw.com/ca/civil-code/civ-sect-1785-13.html

Notice and Copy of Report for Employment Purposes (1785.20.5): https://codes.findlaw.com/ca/civil-code/civ-sect-1785-20-5.html

CA Civil Code (Investigative Consumer Reporting Agencies Act), 1786, et seq.https://codes.findlaw.com/ca/unemployment-insurance-code/uic-sect-1786.html

Definitions (1786.2): https://codes.findlaw.com/ca/health-and-safety-code/hsc-sect-1786-2.html

Inspection/Recipients (1786.10): https://codes.findlaw.com/ca/civil-code/civ-sect-1786-10.html

Who May Receive Report (1786.12): https://codes.findlaw.com/ca/civil-code/civ-sect-1786-12.html

Conditions Precedent to Preparation of Report (1786.16): https://codes.findlaw.com/ca/civil-code/civ-sect-1786-16.html

Content (1786.18): https://codes.findlaw.com/ca/civil-code/civ-sect-1786-18.html

Policy and Recordkeeping Requirements (1786.20): https://codes.findlaw.com/ca/civil-code/civ-sect-1786-20.html

Notice Requirements (1786.29): https://codes.findlaw.com/ca/civil-code/civ-sect-1786-29.html

Ban the Box Laws – California General Prohibitions on Use of Criminal History (Gov. Code 12952): https://codes.findlaw.com/ca/government-code/gov-sect-12952.html

Form of Notice – Cal Civ Code § 1785.15(f): https://codes.findlaw.com/ca/civil-code/civ-sect-1785-15.html

Connecticut

Conn. Gen Stat. Sec. 31-51i. – Employer inquiries about erased criminal record prohibited: https://codes.findlaw.com/ct/title-31-labor/ct-gen-st-sect-31-51i.html

Sec. 31-51tt. – Employer inquiries about an employee’s or prospective employee’s credit: https://codes.findlaw.com/ct/title-31-labor/ct-gen-st-sect-31-51tt.html

Form of Notice – Sec. 36a-699a. Written summary of consumer’s rights: https://codes.findlaw.com/ct/title-36a-the-banking-law-of-connecticut/ct-gen-st-sect-36a-699a.html

Delaware

Ban the Box Laws – 19 Del. C. § 711(g): https://codes.findlaw.com/de/title-19-labor/de-code-sect-19-711.html

Form of Notice – 6 Del. C. § 2203(c) Notice of rights: https://codes.findlaw.com/de/title-6-commerce-and-trade/de-code-sect-6-2203.html

D.C.

D.C. Code § 2-1402.11 – Discriminatory Practices (Credit Information): https://codes.findlaw.com/dc/division-i-government-of-district/dc-code-sect-2-1402-11.html

Ban the Box Laws – D.C. Fair Criminal Record Screening, § 32-1341, et seq.: https://codes.findlaw.com/dc/division-v-local-business-affairs/dc-code-sect-32-1341.html

§ 32-1342. Inquiries into certain arrests, accusations, and convictions: https://codes.findlaw.com/dc/division-v-local-business-affairs/dc-code-sect-32-1342.html

Form of Notice – § 28-3863. Notice of rights.: https://codes.findlaw.com/dc/division-v-local-business-affairs/dc-code-sect-28-3863.html

Georgia

GA Code 35-3-34 – Disclosure and dissemination of criminal records to private persons and businesses: https://codes.findlaw.com/ga/title-35-law-enforcement-officers-and-agencies/ga-code-sect-35-3-34.html

Ban the Box Laws – Georgia Gov. Executive Order – Only to Government Employers: https://www.nelp.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/PR-Georgia-Ban-the-Box-Executive-Order.pdf

Form of Notice – O.C.G.A. Section 10-1-915. Notice of right to security freeze: https://codes.findlaw.com/ga/title-10-commerce-and-trade/ga-code-sect-10-1-915.html

Hawaii

Ban the Box Laws – Hawaii Discriminatory Practices, HRS § 378-1, et seq.: https://codes.findlaw.com/hi/division-1-government/hi-rev-st-sect-378-1.html

§ 378-2. Discriminatory practices made unlawful; offenses defined: https://codes.findlaw.com/hi/division-1-government/hi-rev-st-sect-378-2.html

§ 378-2.5. Employer inquiries into conviction record: https://codes.findlaw.com/hi/division-1-government/hi-rev-st-sect-378-2-5.html

[§ 378-2.7.] Employer inquiries into and consideration of credit history or credit report.: https://codes.findlaw.com/hi/division-1-government/hi-rev-st-sect-378-2-7.html

Idaho

Abide by the FCRA.

Indiana

Ban the Box Laws – Executive Order 17-15, Fair Chance Hiring Process: https://www.in.gov/gov/files/Executive-Order-17-15-Fair-Chance-Hiring.pdf

Form of Notice – 24-5-24-13: https://codes.findlaw.com/in/title-24-trade-regulation/in-code-sect-24-5-24-13.html

Iowa

Abide by the FCRA.

Louisiana

§ 9:3571.1: https://codes.findlaw.com/la/revised-statutes/la-rev-stat-tit-9-sect-3571-1.html

Ban the Box Laws – Consideration of Criminal History in Public Employment, 42:1701, et seq.: https://codes.findlaw.com/la/revised-statutes/la-rev-stat-tit-42-sect-1701.html

§ 42:1701. State employment; Consideration of criminal history; prohibited acts: https://codes.findlaw.com/la/revised-statutes/la-rev-stat-tit-42-sect-1701.html

§ 42:1702. Consideration of arrest records; prohibited acts: https://codes.findlaw.com/la/revised-statutes/la-rev-stat-tit-47-sect-1702.html

Maine

Maine Fair Credit Reporting Act, 10 M.R.S. § 1306, et seq.: https://codes.findlaw.com/me/title-10-commerce-and-trade/me-rev-st-tit-10-sect-1306.html

10 M.R.S. § 1310-H – Additional State-Specific Restrictions: https://codes.findlaw.com/me/title-10-commerce-and-trade/me-rev-st-tit-10-sect-1310-h.html

Maryland

Consumer Credit Reporting Agencies, 14-1201, et seq.: https://codes.findlaw.com/md/commercial-law/md-code-com-law-sect-14-1201.html

Section 14-1202. Permissible purposes of consumer reports: https://codes.findlaw.com/md/commercial-law/md-code-com-law-sect-14-1202.html

Section 14-1203. Reporting of obsolete information prohibited: https://codes.findlaw.com/md/commercial-law/md-code-com-law-sect-14-1203.html

Section 14-1206. Disclosures to consumer required; deletions: https://codes.findlaw.com/md/commercial-law/md-code-com-law-sect-14-1206.html

Section 14-1207. Conditions of disclosure of consumer’s file: https://codes.findlaw.com/md/commercial-law/md-code-com-law-sect-14-1207.html

Section 14-1210. Public record information for employment purposes: https://codes.findlaw.com/md/commercial-law/md-code-com-law-sect-14-1210.html

Section 14-1212. Duty of user of consumer report to notify consumer: https://codes.findlaw.com/md/commercial-law/md-code-com-law-sect-14-1212.html

Job Applicant Fairness Act, 3-711: https://codes.findlaw.com/md/financial-institutions/md-code-fin-inst-sect-3-711.html

Ban the Box Laws – Maryland Criminal Record Screening Practices Act, HB 994/SB 839: https://legiscan.com/MD/text/SB839/id/1987057

Form of Notice – Maryland Department of Labor: https://www.dllr.state.md.us/finance/consumers/frcreditrights.pdf

Massachusetts

Consumer Reporting Agency (CRA) Registration and Obligations, 803 CMR 2.00, et seq. and 803 CMR 11.00, et seq.

803 CMR 2.20: https://casetext.com/regulation/code-of-massachusetts-regulations/department-803-cmr-department-of-criminal-justice-information-services/title-803-cmr-200-criminal-offender-record-information-cori/section-220-use-of-a-consumer-reporting-agency-cra

803 CMR 2.16 – CORI Policy Requirement for Frequent Requestors: https://casetext.com/regulation/code-of-massachusetts-regulations/department-803-cmr-department-of-criminal-justice-information-services/title-803-cmr-200-criminal-offender-record-information-cori/section-216-cori-policy-requirement-for-certain-requestors-and-the-need-to-know-requirements

803 CMR 11.06 – Requesting CORI on behalf of an iCORI-Registered Client: https://casetext.com/regulation/code-of-massachusetts-regulations/department-803-cmr-department-of-criminal-justice-information-services/title-803-cmr-1100-consumer-reporting-agency-cra/section-1106-requesting-cori-on-behalf-of-an-icori-registered-client

803 CMR 11.08 – Storage of CORI: https://casetext.com/regulation/code-of-massachusetts-regulations/department-803-cmr-department-of-criminal-justice-information-services/title-803-cmr-1100-consumer-reporting-agency-cra/section-1108-storage-of-cori

803 CMR 11.10 – Dissemination of CORI by a CRA: https://casetext.com/regulation/code-of-massachusetts-regulations/department-803-cmr-department-of-criminal-justice-information-services/title-803-cmr-1100-consumer-reporting-agency-cra/section-1110-dissemination-of-cori-by-a-cra

M.G.L. Chapter 93 – Regulation of Trade and Certain Enterprises: https://malegislature.gov/Laws/GeneralLaws/PartI/TitleXV/Chapter93

§ 51. Circumstances Under Which Consumer Reporting Agency May Furnish Consumer Report: https://malegislature.gov/Laws/GeneralLaws/PartI/TitleXV/Chapter93/Section51

§ 52. Information Not to be Reported: https://malegislature.gov/Laws/GeneralLaws/PartI/TitleXV/Chapter93/Section52

§ 54. Procedures to Ensure Accuracy of Reports and Compliance With Requirements: https://malegislature.gov/Laws/GeneralLaws/PartI/TitleXV/Chapter93/Section54

§ 56. Disclosures to Consumer on Request; Information to Be Disclosed; Notice of Consumer’s Rights: https://malegislature.gov/Laws/GeneralLaws/PartI/TitleXV/Chapter93/Section56

§ 60. Consumer Reports for Employment Purposes; Items of Public Record: https://malegislature.gov/Laws/GeneralLaws/PartI/TitleXV/Chapter93/Section60

§ 62. Notice to Consumer When Credit, Insurance, or Employment Denied Based on Report; Liability for Violation: https://malegislature.gov/Laws/GeneralLaws/PartI/TitleXV/Chapter93/Section62

Ban the Box Laws – GL Chapter 151B, Section 4 (9): https://malegislature.gov/Laws/GeneralLaws/PartI/TitleXXI/Chapter151B/Section4

Form of Notice – ALM GL ch. 93, § 56(b): https://codes.findlaw.com/ma/part-i-administration-of-the-government-ch-1-182/ma-gen-laws-ch-93-sect-56.html

Michigan

Michigan Compiled Laws Act 453 of 1976 – § 37.2205a: https://codes.findlaw.com/mi/chapter-37-civil-rights/mi-comp-laws-37-2205.html

Minnesota

Minn. Stat. Section 13C.02 – DISCLOSURE OF USE OF CONSUMER REPORTS FOR EMPLOYMENT PURPOSES: https://codes.findlaw.com/mn/data-practices-ch-13-13c/mn-st-sect-13c-02.html

364.021 PUBLIC AND PRIVATE EMPLOYMENT; CONSIDERATION OF CRIMINAL RECORDS: https://codes.findlaw.com/mn/criminals-rehabilitation-ch-364/mn-st-sect-364-021.html

Mississippi

Abide by the FCRA.

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska

Ban the Box Laws – Public Employers

R.R.S. Neb. § 48-202. Public employer; applicant; disclosure of criminal record or history; limitation: https://codes.findlaw.com/ne/chapter-48-labor/ne-rev-st-sect-48-202.html

Nevada

598C.110. Duties of reporting agency: https://codes.findlaw.com/nv/title-52-trade-regulations-and-practices/nv-rev-st-598c-110.html

598C.130. Disclosures to consumer regarding consumer report: https://codes.findlaw.com/nv/title-52-trade-regulations-and-practices/nv-rev-st-598c-130.html

598C.150. Purging of information from files of reporting agency; disclosure of purged information: https://codes.findlaw.com/nv/title-52-trade-regulations-and-practices/nv-rev-st-598c-150.html

284.281.  Unclassified service: Policies and procedures: https://casetext.com/statute/nevada-revised-statutes/title-23-public-officers-and-employees/chapter-284-state-personnel-system/consideration-of-criminal-history/section-284281-unclassified-service-policies-and-procedures

Form of Notice – 598C.310. Duty of reporting agency to provide written disclosure of rights of consumer regarding security freeze; form of written disclosure: https://codes.findlaw.com/nv/title-52-trade-regulations-and-practices/nv-rev-st-598c-310.html

New Hampshire

New Hampshire Fair Credit Reporting Act, RSA 359-B:1, et seq.: https://casetext.com/statute/new-hampshire-revised-statutes/title-31-trade-and-commerce/chapter-359-b-consumer-credit-reporting/section-359-b1-short-title

359-B:4. Permissible Purposes of Reports: https://casetext.com/statute/new-hampshire-revised-statutes/title-31-trade-and-commerce/chapter-359-b-consumer-credit-reporting/section-359-b4-permissible-purposes-of-reports

359-B:5. Obsolete Information: https://casetext.com/statute/new-hampshire-revised-statutes/title-31-trade-and-commerce/chapter-359-b-consumer-credit-reporting/section-359-b5-obsolete-information

359-B:9. Disclosures to Consumers: https://casetext.com/statute/new-hampshire-revised-statutes/title-31-trade-and-commerce/chapter-359-b-consumer-credit-reporting/section-359-b9-disclosures-to-consumers

359-B:10. Conditions of Disclosure to Consumers: https://casetext.com/statute/new-hampshire-revised-statutes/title-31-trade-and-commerce/chapter-359-b-consumer-credit-reporting/section-359-b10-conditions-of-disclosure-to-consumers

359-B:13. Public Record Information for Employment Purposes: https://casetext.com/statute/new-hampshire-revised-statutes/title-31-trade-and-commerce/chapter-359-b-consumer-credit-reporting/section-359-b13-public-record-information-for-employment-purposes

359-B:15. Requirements on Users of Consumer Reports: https://casetext.com/statute/new-hampshire-revised-statutes/title-31-trade-and-commerce/chapter-359-b-consumer-credit-reporting/section-359-b15-requirements-on-users-of-consumer-reports

Form of Notice – RSA 359-B:23. Notice to Consumers: https://casetext.com/statute/new-hampshire-revised-statutes/title-31-trade-and-commerce/chapter-359-b-consumer-credit-reporting/security-freeze/section-359-b23-notice-to-consumers

New Jersey

New Jersey Fair Credit Reporting Act, § 56:11-28, et seq.: https://codes.findlaw.com/nj/title-56-trade-names-trademarks-and-unfair-trade-practices/nj-st-sect-56-11-28.html

N.J. Stat. § 56:11-31(a). Furnishing of consumer report: https://codes.findlaw.com/nj/title-56-trade-names-trademarks-and-unfair-trade-practices/nj-st-sect-56-11-31.html

N.J. Stat. § 56:11-31(b)-(e) – Restrictions on Furnishing of Consumer Reports for Employment: https://codes.findlaw.com/nj/title-56-trade-names-trademarks-and-unfair-trade-practices/nj-st-sect-56-11-31.html

N.J. Stat. § 56:11-34. Disclosure to consumer: https://codes.findlaw.com/nj/title-56-trade-names-trademarks-and-unfair-trade-practices/nj-st-sect-56-11-34.html

Ban the Box Laws – New Jersey Opportunity to Compete Act, N.J.S.A 34:6B-11, et seq.: https://codes.findlaw.com/nj/title-34-labor-and-workmens-compensation/nj-st-sect-34-6b-11.html

§ 34:6B-13. Definitions relative to certain employment rights of persons with criminal records: https://codes.findlaw.com/nj/title-34-labor-and-workmens-compensation/nj-st-sect-34-6b-13.html

§ 34:6B-14. Prohibited actions by employer during initial employment application process: https://codes.findlaw.com/nj/title-34-labor-and-workmens-compensation/nj-st-sect-34-6b-14.html

§ 34:6B-15. Prohibitions relative to employer advertisements: https://codes.findlaw.com/nj/title-34-labor-and-workmens-compensation/nj-st-sect-34-6b-15.html

§ 34:6B-16. Exceptions to prohibited actions by employers: https://codes.findlaw.com/nj/title-34-labor-and-workmens-compensation/nj-st-sect-34-6b-16.html

Form of Notice – N.J. Stat. § 56:11-46(i): https://codes.findlaw.com/nj/title-56-trade-names-trademarks-and-unfair-trade-practices/nj-st-sect-56-11-46.html

New Mexico

56-3-4. Information to businesses, professions and individuals: https://codes.findlaw.com/nm/chapter-56-commercial-instruments-and-transactions/nm-st-sect-56-3-4.html

56-3-6. Report information; limitations: https://codes.findlaw.com/nm/chapter-56-commercial-instruments-and-transactions/nm-st-sect-56-3-6.html

Ban the Box Laws – New Mexico Criminal Offender Employment Act, Section 28-2-1, et seq.: . https://codes.findlaw.com/nm/chapter-28-human-rights/nm-st-sect-28-2-1.html

28-2-3.1. Employment eligibility determination; private employers: https://codes.findlaw.com/nm/chapter-28-human-rights/nm-st-sect-28-2-3-1.html

28-2-3. Employment eligibility determination: https://codes.findlaw.com/nm/chapter-28-human-rights/nm-st-sect-28-2-3.html

Form of Notice – N.M. Stat. Ann. 56-3A-4. Notice of rights: https://codes.findlaw.com/nm/chapter-56-commercial-instruments-and-transactions/nm-st-sect-56-3a-4.html

North Carolina

Abide by the FCRA.

Ban the Box Laws

·      While North Carolina does not have a statewide ban the box law, many cities within North Carolina, such as Charlotte, have enacted ordinances and/or have executive orders limiting the scenarios/timing in which employers may inquire into or consider an applicant’s criminal history.

North Dakota

Ban the Box Laws – N.D. Cent. Code, § 12.1-33-02.2: https://codes.findlaw.com/nd/title-121-criminal-code/nd-cent-code-sect-12-1-33-02.html

Form of Notice – N.D. Cent. Code, § 51-33-12. Notice of rights: https://codes.findlaw.com/nd/title-51-sales-and-exchanges/nd-cent-code-sect-51-33-12.html

Oklahoma

24 Okl. St. § 148. Consumer Report Request: https://law.justia.com/codes/oklahoma/2014/title-24/section-24-148

Ban the Box Laws – Executive Order 2016-03: https://www.sos.ok.gov/documents/executive/1023.pdf

Form of Notice – 24 Okl. St. § 158. Notice to be Included in Summary of Rights: https://law.justia.com/codes/oklahoma/2014/title-24/section-24-158/

Oregon

659A.320 Discrimination based on information in credit history prohibited; exceptions: https://codes.findlaw.com/or/title-51-labor-and-employment-unlawful-discrimination/or-rev-st-sect-659a-320.html

659A.357 Restricting salary history inquiries: https://www.oregonlaws.org/ors/659A.357

Ban the Box Laws – ORS  § 659A.360 – Restricting criminal conviction inquires: https://codes.findlaw.com/or/title-51-labor-and-employment-unlawful-discrimination/or-rev-st-sect-659a-360.html

Pennsylvania

General Provisions regarding Criminal History Information in Pennsylvania, 18 Pa.C.S. § 9101, et seq.: https://codes.findlaw.com/pa/title-18-pacsa-crimes-and-offenses/pa-csa-sect-18-9101.html

Section 9103 – Applicability: https://codes.findlaw.com/pa/title-18-pacsa-crimes-and-offenses/pa-csa-sect-18-9103.html

Section 9125 – Use of Records for Employment: https://codes.findlaw.com/pa/title-42-pacsa-judiciary-and-judicial-procedure/pa-csa-sect-42-9125.html

Rhode Island

R.I. Gen. Laws

Section 6-13.1-21.  Credit reports — Notice to individual — Requirements of users of credit reports: https://codes.findlaw.com/ri/title-6-commercial-law-general-regulatory-provisions/ri-gen-laws-sect-6-13-1-21.html

Section 6-13.1-22. Access to credit reports: https://codes.findlaw.com/ri/title-6-commercial-law-general-regulatory-provisions/ri-gen-laws-sect-6-13-1-22.html

Ban the Box Laws – RI Gen. Laws Section 28-5-7: https://codes.findlaw.com/ri/title-28-labor-and-labor-relations/ri-gen-laws-sect-28-5-7.html

Form of Notice – R.I. Gen. Laws Section 6-48-6. Notice of rights: https://codes.findlaw.com/ri/title-6-commercial-law-general-regulatory-provisions/ri-gen-laws-sect-6-48-6.html

South Carolina

Abide by the FCRA.

South Dakota

Abide by the FCRA.

Tennessee

Ban the Box Laws – Tenn. Code Ann. § 8-50-112 – State Employers: https://law.justia.com/codes/tennessee/2016/title-8/chapter-50/part-1/section-8-50-112/

Form of Notice – Tenn. Code Ann. § 47-18-2109. Notice to consumer regarding security freeze: https://codes.findlaw.com/tn/title-47-commercial-instruments-and-transactions/tn-code-sect-47-18-2109.html

Utah

Ban the Box Laws – Public Employers

34-52-201. Public employer requirements: https://codes.findlaw.com/ut/title-34-labor-in-general/ut-code-sect-34-52-201.html

Vermont

Vermont Fair Credit Reporting, Section 2480a, et seq.

Section 2480b. Disclosures to consumers: https://codes.findlaw.com/vt/title-9-commerce-and-trade/vt-st-tit-9-sect-2480b.html

Section 2480e. Consumer consent: https://codes.findlaw.com/vt/title-9-commerce-and-trade/vt-st-tit-9-sect-2480c.html

21 V.S.A. Section 495i: https://codes.findlaw.com/vt/title-21-labor/vt-st-tit-21-sect-495i.html

12 V.S.A. Section 495m – Salary History: https://codes.findlaw.com/vt/title-21-labor/vt-st-tit-21-sect-495m.html

Ban the Box Laws – Fair Employment Practices, Section 495(j): https://codes.findlaw.com/vt/title-21-labor/vt-st-tit-21-sect-495j.html

Form of Notice – Section 2480b. Disclosures to consumers(c): https://codes.findlaw.com/vt/title-9-commerce-and-trade/vt-st-tit-9-sect-2480c.html

Virginia
West Virginia
Wisconsin

Ban the Box Laws – Wisconsin Fair Employment Act, 111.31, et seq.: https://codes.findlaw.com/wi/employment-relations-ch-111/wi-st-111-31.html

111.321. Prohibited bases of discrimination: .  https://codes.findlaw.com/wi/employment-relations-ch-111/wi-st-111-321.html

111.335. Arrest or Conviction Record; Exceptions: https://codes.findlaw.com/wi/employment-relations-ch-111/wi-st-111-335.html

Form of Notice – Wis. Stat. § 100.54 (11) Notices: https://docs.legis.wisconsin.gov/statutes/statutes/100/54/11

Wyoming

Abide by the FCRA.